FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
Clinical application of RNA sequencing in sarcoma diagnosis: An institutional experience
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jun;98(25) :e16031
PMID: 31232935    PMCID: PMC6636967    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31232935
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Abstract
Accurate diagnoses of sarcoma are sometimes challenging on conventional histomorphology and immunophenotype. Many specific genetic aberrations including chromosomal translocations have been identified in various sarcomas, which can be detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction analysis. Next-generation sequencing-based RNA sequencing can screen multiple sarcoma-specific chromosome translocations/fusion genes in 1 test, which is especially useful for sarcoma without obvious differentiation. In this report, we utilized RNA sequencing on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens to investigate the possibility of diagnosing sarcomas by identifying disease-specific fusion genes. Targeted RNA sequencing was performed on 6 sarcoma cases. The expected genetic alterations (clear cell sarcoma/EWSR1-ATF1, Ewing sarcoma/EWSR1-FLI1, myxoid liposarcoma/DDIT3-FUS) in four cases were detected and confirmed by secondary tests. Interestingly, three SS18 fusion genes (SS18-SSX2B, SS18-SSX2, and SS18-SSX4) were identified in a synovial sarcoma case. A rare fusion gene (EWSR1-PATZ1) was identified in a morphologically challenging case; which enabled us to establish the diagnosis of low grade glioneural tumor. In conclusion, RNA sequencing on FFPE specimen is a reliable method in establishing the diagnosis of sarcoma in daily practice.
Notes
1536-5964 Pei, Jianming Zhao, Xiaofeng Patchefsky, Arthur S Flieder, Douglas B Talarchek, Jacqueline N Testa, Joseph R Wei, Shuanzeng Journal Article United States Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jun;98(25):e16031. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000016031.