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Devineni D , Kleinszanto A , Gallo JM
Tissue Distribution of Methotrexate Following Administration as a Solution and as a Magnetic Microsphere Conjugate in Rats Bearing Brain-Tumors
Journal of Neuro-Oncology. 1995 ;24(2) :143-152
PMID: ISI:A1995RJ11700001   
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A novel magnetic microsphere-methotrexate (MM-MTX) drug delivery system was synthesized and evaluated in rats bearing rat glioma-2 (RG-2) tumors. Methotrexate was linked to the surface of the magnetic particle via an aminohexanol linker that would release free drug following hydrolysis. Male Fischer 344 rats bearing RG-2 tumors were administered 3 mg/kg of methotrexate (MTX) either as MM-MTX or as a solution (MTX-S) over 5 min. A 6000 gauss magnetic field was applied for 15 min from the end of MM-MTX administrations. Serial sacrifices were conducted at 15 min, 30 min and 45 min after drug administrations, organs collected, and analyzed for total MTX by a radioassay. At all times, MTX right brain (ipsilateral), brain tumor, and left brain concentrations were approximately 3.5 to 5-fold greater in the MM-MTX group compared to the MTX-S group. MTX concentrations in all other organs were less following administration of MM-MTX than MTX-S except in lung at 30 and 45 min. The targeting efficacy, an index for site- specificity, for both MM-MTX and MTX-S were similar and indicated some enhancement in MTX localization in brain tumor. Confocal and conventional light microscopic analyses demonstrated a diffuse distribution of MM-MTX in tumor consistent with extravascular uptake, whereas a predominant capillary distribution of MM-MTX was observed in normal brain. Following 45 min, the animals treated with MM-MTX died possibly due to redistribution of particles to the lung. This toxicity was dose-dependent. High brain MTX concentrations coupled with extravascular uptake of MM-MTX provide a basis for further investigations with this novel drug delivery system.
Times Cited: 9 Article RJ117 J NEURO-ONCOL