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Pancreaticobiliary metastasis presenting as primary mucinous ovarian neoplasm: A systematic literature review
Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2019 May;28 :109-115
PMID: 30997376 PMCID: PMC6453658
AbstractTrue primary mucinous ovarian carcinomas are rarer than originally thought and their clinical behavior and treatment response are different than more common epithelial ovarian carcinomas. Secondary ovarian neoplasms often mimic the clinical and histological features of mucinous ovarian cancer making their diagnosis, and therefore treatment, more difficult. Misdiagnosis can have a significant impact on both treatment and prognosis. The majority of these secondary ovarian neoplasms arise from the gastrointestinal tract, with mucinous histology often of pancreaticobiliary origin. Our study objective was to review current evidence distinguishing pancreaticobiliary ovarian metastasis from primary mucinous ovarian carcinoma. We utilized a PubMed search using MeSH terms and selected articles were reviewed, synthesized and summarized. Thirty-nine articles were included in the review. The clinical, gross, histological and immunohistochemical features distinguishing primary mucinous ovarian carcinomas from pancreaticobiliary ovarian metastasis were identified. Compared to primary mucinous ovarian carcinoma, metastatic pancreaticobiliary tumors are more often bilateral, <10cm, have irregular external surface and surface implants, display an infiltrative pattern of invasion and stain for MUC1 and CK17. Primary ovarian mucinous tumors rarely (<3%) have signet ring cells or involvement of the hilum. Metastatic mucinous tumors mimic their primary mucinous ovarian counterparts and their clinical and histopathological features overlap in many ways. However, these metastatic tumors have features that can help differentiate them from primary mucinous carcinoma. With a high index of suspicion and knowledge of the reviewed features, distinguishing these tumors will continue to become easier.
NotesAckroyd, Sarah A Goetsch, Lauren Brown, Jennifer Houck, Karen Wang, Congli Hernandez, Enrique Journal Article Review Netherlands Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2019 Mar 27;28:109-115. doi: 10.1016/j.gore.2019.03.012. eCollection 2019 May.