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Cooper HS , Deppisch LM , Gourley WK , Kahn EI , Lev R , Manley PN , Pascal RR , Qizilbash AH , Rickert RR , Silverman JF , Wirman JA
Endoscopically Removed Malignant Colorectal Polyps - Clinicopathological Correlations
Gastroenterology. 1995 Jun;108(6) :1657-1665
PMID: ISI:A1995RA37800007   
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Background/Aims: Treatment options for patients with endoscopically removed malignant colorectal polyps are polypectomy alone vs, polypectomy followed by surgery. The aim of this study was to define histopathologic parameters that can be used for clinically relevant treatment decisions. Methods: Five pathologists evaluated 140 polyps for the presence or absence of unfavorable histology. Unfavorable histology was tumor at or near (less than or equal to 1.0 mm) the margin and/or grade III and/or lymphatic and/or venous invasion. Adverse outcome was recurrent and/or focal cancer and/or lymph node metastasis. Results: Adverse outcome was 19.7% (14 of 71), 8.6% (2 of 23), and 0% (0 of 46) when unfavorable histology was present, indefinite (lack of agreement), and absent, respectively (P < 0.0005, present vs. absent). Four patients with cancer >1.0 mm from the margin had an adverse outcome (2 with lymphatic invasion and 2 indefinite for lymphatic invasion). Four patients with negative resections later developed distant metastases. Eight patients (6.3%) died of disease, and 2 of 69 without unfavorable histology (both indefinite for lymphatic invasion) had an adverse outcome. Interobserver strength of agreement was substantial to almost perfect for margin, grade, and venous invasion and fair to substantial for lymphatic invasion, Conclusions: This system is usable clinically. Patients with unfavorable histology are probably best managed by resection postpolypectomy, whereas in the absence of unfavorable histology, they probably can be treated by polypectomy only.
Times Cited: 44 Article RA378 GASTROENTEROLOGY