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Patient-clinician communication about sexual health in breast cancer: A mixed-methods analysis of clinic dialogue
Patient Educ Couns. 2019 Mar;102(3) :436-442
PMID: 30314828 PMCID: PMC6421101 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30314828
AbstractOBJECTIVES: Breast cancer patients' sexual health needs are frequently unmet. We examined the prevalence and content of communication about sexual health between breast cancer patients and clinicians. METHODS: Female breast cancer patients being seen in oncology clinic follow-up had a clinic visit audio recorded and self-reported sexual problems after the visit. Transcripts were coded for sexual health communication; data were analyzed descriptively or using Chi-square tests. RESULTS: We recorded 67 patients (81% participation rate) interacting with one of 7 cancer clinicians (5 physicians; 2 advanced practice clinicians). Approximately 1/3 of women (n = 22) reported sexual problems; sexual health communication occurred with 10/22 of those women (45%). Across all 67 patients, 27 (40%) visits contained communication about sexual health. Seventy-percent of sexual health communication was clinician-initiated. When in-depth sexual health discussions occurred, the most common topics discussed were sexual inactivity (6), body image (5), vaginal dryness (4), and safety of sexual activity (2). CONCLUSION: Communication about sexual health was uncommon even for women reporting sexual problems and was largely initiated by clinicians. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Because women with breast cancer often do not raise sexual concerns during clinic visits, breast cancer clinicians should raise the topic of sexual health for all patients.
NotesReese, Jennifer Barsky Sorice, Kristen Lepore, Stephen J Daly, Mary B Tulsky, James A Beach, Mary Catherine eng P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Ireland Patient Educ Couns. 2019 Mar;102(3):436-442. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2018.10.003. Epub 2018 Oct 4.