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Health behavior practice among understudied Chinese and Filipino Americans with cardiometabolic diseases
Prev Med Rep. 2018 Sep;11 :240-246
PMID: 30210996 PMCID: PMC6129966
AbstractLifestyle modification and health behavior practice among the individuals with cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) are important for secondary prevention and disease control. This study was designed to investigate and compare health behavior practices among Chinese and Filipino Americans with CMD. Three hundred seventy-four Asian Americans (211 Chinese and 163 Filipino) who reside in the greater Philadelphia region and had either CMD or no identified disease were included in the study. Information on smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, and salt and sweets consumption was collected, as well as demographic and acculturative characteristics. Of the 374 participants, 241 (64.4%) had CMD and 133 (35.6%) had no identified disease. The majority of Chinese and Filipino Americans with CMD failed to meet the dietary and physical activity guidelines, and only a small percentage of them restricted their amount of salt added to food and amount of sweets consumption. Compared to participants with no disease, Chinese participants with CMD were more likely to "never" add salt to food (AOR 4.42 compared to "frequently"). Filipino Americans with CMD were less likely to be those who "never" consume sweets than those who frequently consume sweets (AOR=0.12). Among the participants with CMD, Chinese participants with CMD were less likely to restrict drinking (AOR 0.11) than Filipinos with CMD. The findings suggest that tailored interventions for Chinese and Filipino Americans with CMD should be developed to enhance their compliance to behavioral guidelines to prevent further disease progression and complications.
NotesLee, Minsun Hu, Danielle Bunney, Gabrielle Gadegbeku, Crystal A Edmundowicz, Daniel Houser, Steve R Wang, Hong Ma, Grace X Journal Article United States Prev Med Rep. 2018 Jun 2;11:240-246. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.06.004. eCollection 2018 Sep.