FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
vonMehren M , Giantonio BJ , McAleer C , Schilder R , McPhillips J , Odwyer PJ
Phase I trial of ilmofosine as a 24 hour infusion weekly
Investigational New Drugs. 1995 ;13(3) :205-210
PMID: ISI:A1995UD85000004   
Back to previous list
Ilmofosine, an ether lipid derivative of lysophosphatidylcholine has antineoplastic activity in vitro and in vivo. Maximum efficacy in preclinical models is associated with prolonged exposure to the drug. In a Phase I trial of a weekly 2 hour infusion schedule of ilmofosine, a syndrome of lethargy, diminished performance status, and mild hepatotoxicity was dose-limiting at 550 mg/m(2). To avoid the higher drug concentrations associated with a brief infusion, a Phase I study of a weekly 24 hour infusional schedule was undertaken in an attempt to maximize dose-intensity. Doses were escalated from 550 to 800 mg/m(2). Toxicities included nausea, anorexia, fatigue, and minor elevations of liver function tests. The dose limiting toxicity at 800 mg/m(2) was a syndrome of severe abdominal pain. No neutropenia or thrombocytopenia was observed except in one patient who was found to have a myelodysplastic syndrome, thought not to be related to drug therapy. The more prolonged infusion schedule of ilmofosine did not result in a substantial increase in the tolerable dose.
Times Cited: 4 English Article UD850 INVEST NEW DRUG