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Kang Q , Vernisse L , Remsing RC , Thenuwara AC , Shumlas SL , McKendry IG , Klein ML , Borguet E , Zdilla MJ , Strongin DR
Effect of Interlayer Spacing on the Activity of Layered Manganese Oxide Bilayer Catalysts for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction
J Am Chem Soc. 2017 Feb 8;139(5) :1863-1870
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Abstract
We investigated the dependence of the electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on the interlayer distance of five compositionally distinct layered manganese oxide nanostructures. Each individual electrocatalyst was assembled with a different alkali metal intercalated between two nanosheets (NS) of manganese oxide to form a bilayer structure. Manganese oxide NS were synthesized via the exfoliation of a layered material, birnessite. Atomic force microscopy was used to determine the heights of the bilayer catalysts. The interlayer spacing of the supported bilayers positively correlates with the size of the alkali cation: NS/Cs(+)/NS > NS/Rb(+)/NS > NS/K(+)/NS > NS/Na(+)/NS > NS/Li(+)/NS. The thermodynamic origins of these bilayer heights were investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The overpotential (eta) for the OER correlates with the interlayer spacing; NS/Cs(+)/NS has the lowest eta (0.45 V), while NS/Li(+)/NS exhibits the highest eta (0.68 V) for OER at a current density of 1 mA/cm(2). Kinetic parameters (eta and Tafel slope) associated with NS/Cs(+)/NS for the OER were superior to that of the bulk birnessite phase, highlighting the structural uniqueness of these nanoscale assemblies.
Notes
1520-5126 Kang, Qing Vernisse, Loranne Remsing, Richard C Thenuwara, Akila C ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6146-9238 Shumlas, Samantha L McKendry, Ian G Klein, Michael L Borguet, Eric Zdilla, Michael J ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0212-2557 Strongin, Daniel R ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1776-5574 Journal Article United States J Am Chem Soc. 2017 Feb 8;139(5):1863-1870. doi: 10.1021/jacs.6b09184. Epub 2017 Jan 30.