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Qin X , Li Y , Sun N , Wang H , Zhang Y , Wang J , Li J , Xu X , Liang M , Nie J , Wang B , Cheng X , Li N , Sun Y , Zhao L , Wang X , Hou FF , Huo Y
Elevated Homocysteine Concentrations Decrease the Antihypertensive Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors in Hypertensive Patients
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2017 Jan;37(1) :166-172
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether baseline homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations affect antihypertensive responses to enalapril treatment among previously untreated hypertensive patients (n=10 783) in the CSPPT (China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial). APPROACH AND RESULTS: After a 3-week run-in treatment with a daily dose of 10 mg enalapril, eligible hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to a double-blind daily treatment of a tablet of either enalapril (10 mg) and folic acid (0.8 mg) or enalapril (10 mg) alone for a median of 4.5 years. After the 3-week treatment period with enalapril alone, the systolic blood pressure-lowering effect was significantly reduced by 1.39 (95% confidence interval 0.40-2.37) and 3.25 (95% confidence interval 1.98-4.52) mm Hg, respectively, in those with baseline Hcy concentrations of 10 to 15 and >/=15 mumol/L (P for trend <0.001) as compared with those with Hcy concentration of <10 mumol/L. Similar results were observed after a 15-week treatment period with enalapril alone. After a median 4.5-year enalapril-based antihypertensive treatment period, compared with those with Hcy concentration of <10 mumol/L, the systolic blood pressure-lowering effect was still significantly reduced by 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.01-1.53) and 1.70 (95% confidence interval 0.72-2.68) mm Hg, respectively, in those with Hcy concentrations of 10 to 15 and >/=15 mumol/L (P for trend <0.001). In addition, participants with higher baseline Hcy concentrations had persistently higher systolic blood pressure levels across the entire study treatment period. Similarly, baseline Hcy concentrations were inversely associated with diastolic blood pressure reduction during the short-term enalapril alone treatment. However, the inverse association between baseline Hcy and diastolic blood pressure reduction was attenuated and became insignificant after the long-term enalapril-based treatment period. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Hcy concentrations significantly decreased the antihypertensive effect of the short-term and long-term enalapril-based antihypertensive treatment in previously untreated hypertensive patients.
Notes
1524-4636 Qin, Xianhui Li, Youbao Sun, Ningling Wang, Hong Zhang, Yan Wang, Jiguang Li, Jianping Xu, Xin Liang, Min Nie, Jing Wang, Binyan Cheng, Xiaoshu Li, Nanfang Sun, Yingxian Zhao, Lianyou Wang, Xiaobin Hou, Fan Fan Huo, Yong Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2017 Jan;37(1):166-172. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.308515. Epub 2016 Nov 10.