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Shimoni L , Glusker JP , Bock CW
Energies and geometries of isographic hydrogen-bonded networks .1. The R(2)(2)(8) graph set
Journal of Physical Chemistry. 1996 Feb 22;100(8) :2957-2967
PMID: ISI:A1996TX25700025   
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The bidentate hydrogen-bonding patterns frequently formed by the side chains of the amino acids arginine, asparagine, and glutamine can be described, using graph-set notation, as R(2)(2)(8) (ring pattern of eight atoms with two donor and two acceptor hydrogen bonds). It is shown that this hydrogen- bonding pattern is present in approximately 34% of the high- resolution crystal structures in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) that have the potential to form this particular pattern. Most of these crystal structures involve an interaction between two amide groups, but a significant number involve an interaction between an amidinium cation and a carboxylate anion. The mean H...O bond distances and the N- H...O bond angles found for these two types of interaction are nearly the same. Ab initio molecular orbital calculations are used to investigate the structure, charge distribution, and decomposition enthalpies of several gas phase hydrogen-bonded complexes which have these types of R(2)(2)(8) interactions. Calculated H...O bond distances and N-H...O bond angles for the amide-amide type of interaction lie between the upper and lower bounds for these geometrical parameters found in the CSD. On the other hand, calculated H...O bond distances for several amidinium ion-carboxylate ion structures are found to be significantly less than the lower bound of this distance found in the CSD study, apparently due to a strong electrostatic interaction between the ion fragments in the gas phase.
Times Cited: 12 English Article TX257 J PHYS CHEM