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Sauter ER , Hoffman JP , Hartz WH , Barber LW , Eisenberg BL
Atraumatic method of intraoperative retrograde transhepatic biliary stent insertion
Journal of Surgical Oncology. 1996 May;62(1) :10-14
PMID: ISI:A1996UH86400003   
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A significant risk of hepatic injury remains using reported methods of intraoperative retrograde transhepatic stenting (IRTS). Our hypothesis was that we could minimize this risk by: (1) using a pliable sheath to create a stent tract that follows the curve of the biliary tree, (2) decreasing the stent diameter, and (3) avoiding the hepatic hilum. We evaluated the safety of a novel technique of intraoperative stenting employing these three concepts. Twenty-four patients underwent IRTS between 1992 and 1995 at our institution after potentially curative resection (one bypass). Malignant disease was present in 22 of 24 patients. Bile ducts were normal caliber in all patients. There was no operative mortality and 38% operative morbidity, all readily treated. All complications were due to stent dislodgment. There were no deaths. This novel atraumatic method of IRTS has acceptable morbidity and mortality. Complications due to stent insertion are minimal. The technique compares favorably with previous methods of IRTS and offers a viable alternative to the surgeon when a transhepatic stent is required. Anchoring the stent securely to the skin is essential to prevent catheter dislodgement. (C) 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Times Cited: 1 English Article UH864 J SURG ONCOL