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Zhang BW , Deng N , Tan Z , Levy RM
Stratified UWHAM and Its Stochastic Approximation for Multicanonical Simulations Which Are Far from Equilibrium
J Chem Theory Comput. 2017 Oct 10;13(10) :4660-4674
PMID: 28902500    PMCID: PMC5897113    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28902500
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Abstract
We describe a new analysis tool called Stratified unbinned Weighted Histogram Analysis Method (Stratified-UWHAM), which can be used to compute free energies and expectations from a multicanonical ensemble when a subset of the parallel simulations is far from being equilibrated because of barriers between free energy basins which are only rarely (or never) crossed at some states. The Stratified-UWHAM equations can be obtained in the form of UWHAM equations but with an expanded set of states. We also provide a stochastic solver, Stratified RE-SWHAM, for Stratified-UWHAM to remove its computational bottleneck. Stratified-UWHAM and Stratified RE-SWHAM are applied to study three test topics: the free energy landscape of alanine dipeptide, the binding affinity of a host-guest binding complex, and path sampling for a two-dimensional double well potential. The examples show that when some of the parallel simulations are only locally equilibrated, the estimates of free energies and equilibrium distributions provided by the conventional UWHAM (or MBAR) solutions exhibit considerable biases, but the estimates provided by Stratified-UWHAM and Stratified RE-SWHAM agree with the benchmark very well. Lastly, we discuss features of the Stratified-UWHAM approach which is based on coarse-graining in relation to two other maximum likelihood-based methods which were proposed recently, that also coarse-grain the multicanonical data.
Notes
1549-9626 Zhang, Bin W ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3007-4900 Deng, Nanjie Tan, Zhiqiang Levy, Ronald M ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8696-5177 Journal Article United States J Chem Theory Comput. 2017 Sep 28. doi: 10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00651.