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Matsubara N , Hietala OA , Gilmour SK , Yum KY , Litwin S , Watts P , Brennan EJ , Obrien TG
Association between high levels of ornithine decarboxylase activity and favorable prognosis in human colorectal carcinoma
Clinical Cancer Research. 1995 Jun;1(6) :665-671
PMID: ISI:A1995TL08100013   
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Several studies have documented increased expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in neoplastic colorectal tissue versus normal-appearing colonic mucosa, The present study was undertaken to determine whether there is an association between the degree of overexpression of ODC in colorectal carcinomas and survival in a series of 74 patients, A high level of tumor ODC expression was found to be significantly associated with greater survival in our patient series, Patients with tumor ODC activities greater than the median and especially in the highest quartile experienced a more favorable outcome than those patients with ODC values below the median or in the lowest quartile (P = 0.03 and 0.02, respectively), The presence of a GTP-activatable isoform of ODC was also significantly associated with a favorable prognosis but only in tumors of the right colon (P = 0.01), There was no association found between ODC activity and tumor grade, tumor size, or patient age, sex, or race. Our results demonstrate that high levels of ODC expression (and presence of a GTP-activatable isoform for right-sided colon tumors) predict a favorable prognosis in human colorectal carcinoma, Knowledge of a patient's ODC status at the time of surgery may be useful in decisions regarding adjuvant therapy, Understanding the mechanism(s) involved should lead to new therapeutic approaches for advanced colorectal carcinoma.
Times Cited: 4 English Article TL081 CLIN CANCER RES