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Al-Khalifa SE , Jennings MC , Wuest WM , Minbiole KP
The Development of Next-Generation Pyridinium-Based multiQAC Antiseptics
ChemMedChem. 2017 Feb 20;12(4) :280-283
PMID: 28033453 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28033453
AbstractA series of 18 bis- and tris-pyridinium amphiphiles were prepared and tested for both antimicrobial activity and lytic capability, in comparison with the commercially available pyridinium antiseptic cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC). Assessments were made against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including two methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. While 2Pyr-11,11 was identified as one of the most potent antimicrobial quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) reported to date, boasting nanomolar inhibition against five of six bacteria tested, no significant improvement in bioactivity of tris-pyridinium amphiphiles over their bis-pyridinium counterparts was observed. However, the multicationic QACs (multiQACs) presented herein did display significant advantages over the monocationic CPC; while similar red blood cell lysis was observed, superior activity against both Gram-negative bacteria and resistant S. aureus strains led to the discovery of four pyridinium-based multiQACs with advantageous therapeutic indices.
Notes1860-7187 Al-Khalifa, Saleh E Jennings, Megan C Wuest, William M ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5198-7744 Minbiole, Kevin P C ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4263-9833 Journal Article Germany ChemMedChem. 2017 Feb 20;12(4):280-283. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.201600546. Epub 2017 Jan 26.