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A content analysis of self-reported barriers and facilitators to preventing postpartum smoking relapse among a sample of current and former smokers in an underserved population
Health Educ Res. 2015 Feb;30(1) :140-51
PMID: 25099776    PMCID: PMC4296888   
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Abstract
To characterize the barriers and facilitators thatprevent postpartum relapse and maintain smoking abstinence among a socioeconomically underserved population, recruited through Philadelphia-area women, infants, and children clinics, in-person interviews were conducted with 30 women who had quit smoking for one or more pregnancies in the past 3 years to retrospectively describe their attempts to remain abstinent during the postpartum period. Responses were analysed using the constructs from the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing model, which identifies the cognitive, affective and behavioral factors involved in goal-oriented self-regulatory actions, in the context of a vulnerable population of women. Motherhood demands were a significant source of relapse stress. Stresses associated with partner and family relationships also contributed to relapse. The presence of other smokers in the environment was mentioned by many women in our sample as affecting their ability to remain smoke-free postpartum. Participants reported four main strategies that helped them to successfully cope with postpartum cravings and relapses, including being informed of smoking risks, maintaining goal-oriented thoughts, focusing on their concerns about the baby's health and receiving positive social support from families and friends. Results provide guidance for the design of smoking relapse interventions that may address the unique stressors reported by underserved postpartum women.
Notes
1465-3648 Wen, Kuang-Yi Miller, Suzanne M Roussi, Pagona Belton, Tanisha D Baman, Jayson Kilby, Linda Hernandez, Enrique K01 HS019001/HS/AHRQ HHS/United States P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30 CA06927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States RC1 CA145063/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural England Health Educ Res. 2015 Feb;30(1):140-51. doi: 10.1093/her/cyu048. Epub 2014 Aug 6.