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HolgadoMadruga M , Emlet DR , Moscatello DK , Godwin AK , Wong AJ
A Grb2-associated docking protein in EGF- and insulin-receptor signalling
Nature. 1996 Feb 8;379(6565) :560-564
PMID: ISI:A1996TU69300056   
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THE protein Grb2 plays a central role in signalling by receptor protein-tyrosine kinases(1,2), where its SH2 domain binds to the receptor and its two SH3 domains link to effecters. One target effector is Sos, so Grb2 links receptor protein-tyrosine kinases with the Ras signalling pathway. The SH3 domains can also couple to other signalling proteins, including Vav(3), c- AbI(4) and dynamin(5), We have identified several bands in glial and medulloblastoma tumours that are recognized by Grb2 but these did not correspond to any known protein. Here we use recombinant Grb2 to isolate a complementary DNA called Gab1 (for Grb2-associated binder-1). Gab1 shares amino-acid homology and several structural features with IRS-1 (insulin-receptor substrate-1; refs 6,7), is a substate of the EGF and insulin receptors, and can act as a docking protein for several SH2- containing proteins, Overexpression of Gab1 enhances cell growth and results in transformation. We conclude that Gab1 is a new protein in EGF and insulin receptor signalling which could integrate signals from different systems.
Times Cited: 300 English Article TU693 NATURE