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A Novel HSP90 Inhibitor-Drug Conjugate to SN38 Is Highly Effective in Small Cell Lung Cancer
Clin Cancer Res. 2016 Oct 15;22(20) :5120-5129
PMID: 27267850    PMCID: PMC5065742    URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27267850
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Abstract
PURPOSE: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive disease representing 12-13% of total lung cancers, with median survival <2 years. No targeted therapies have proven effective in SCLC. While most patients respond initially to cytotoxic chemotherapies, resistance rapidly emerges, response to second line agents is limited, and dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) are a major issue. This study performs preclinical evaluation of a new compound, STA-8666, in SCLC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To avoid DLT for useful cytotoxic agents, the recently developed drug STA-8666 combines a chemical moiety targeting active HSP90 (concentrated in tumors) fused via cleavable linker to SN38, the active metabolite of irinotecan. We compare potency and mechanism of action of STA-8666 and irinotecan in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: In 2 SCLC xenograft and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models, STA-8666 was tolerated without side effects up to 150 mg/kg. At this dose, STA-8666 controlled or eliminated established tumors whether used in a first line setting, or in tumors that had progressed following treatment on standard first and second line agents for SCLC. At 50 mg/kg, STA-8666 strongly enhanced the action of carboplatin. Pharmacokinetic profiling confirmed durable STA-8666 exposure in tumors compared to irinotecan. STA-8666 induced a more rapid, robust, and stable induction of cell cycle arrest, expression of signaling proteins associated with DNA damage and cell cycle checkpoints, and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, in comparison to irinotecan. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these results strongly support clinical development of STA-8666 for use in the first or second line setting for SCLC.
Notes
Gaponova, Anna V Nikonova, Anna Deneka, Alexander Y Kopp, Meghan C Kudinov, Alexander E Skobeleva, Natalya Khazak, Vladimir Shin Ogawa, Luisa Cai, Kathy Q Duncan, Kelly E Duncan, James S Egleston, Brian L Proia, David A Boumber, Yanis Golemis, Erica A P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R01 CA063366/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R21 CA181287/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ T32 CA009035/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ Clin Cancer Res. 2016 Oct 15;22(20):5120-5129. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-3068. Epub 2016 Jun 7