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Remsing RC , McKendry IG , Strongin DR , Klein ML , Zdilla MJ
Frustrated Solvation Structures Can Enhance Electron Transfer Rates
J Phys Chem Lett. 2015 Dec 3;6(23) :4804-8
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Polar surfaces can interact strongly with nearby water molecules, leading to the formation of highly ordered interfacial hydration structures. This ordering can lead to frustration in the hydrogen bond network, and, in the presence of solutes, frustrated hydration structures. We study frustration in the hydration of cations when confined between sheets of the water oxidation catalyst manganese dioxide. Frustrated hydration structures are shown to have profound effects on ion-surface electron transfer through the enhancement of energy gap fluctuations beyond those expected from Marcus theory. These fluctuations are accompanied by a concomitant increase in the electron transfer rate in Marcus's normal regime. We demonstrate the generality of this phenomenon-enhancement of energy gap fluctuations due to frustration-by introducing a charge frustrated XY model, likening the hydration structure of confined cations to topological defects. Our findings shed light on recent experiments suggesting that water oxidation rates depend on the cation charge and Mn-oxidation state in these layered transition metal oxide materials.
Remsing, Richard C McKendry, Ian G Strongin, Daniel R Klein, Michael L Zdilla, Michael J ENG Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. 2015/11/18 06:00 J Phys Chem Lett. 2015 Dec 3;6(23):4804-8. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b02277. Epub 2015 Nov 20.