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Seiler C , Gebhart N , Zhang Y , Shinton SA , Li YS , Ross NL , Liu X , Li Q , Bilbee AN , Varshney GK , LaFave MC , Burgess SM , Balciuniene J , Balciunas D , Hardy RR , Kappes DJ , Wiest DL , Rhodes J
Mutagenesis Screen Identifies agtpbp1 and eps15L1 as Essential for T lymphocyte Development in Zebrafish
PLoS One. 2015 ;10(7) :e0131908
PMID: 26161877    PMCID: PMC4498767   
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Genetic screens are a powerful tool to discover genes that are important in immune cell development and function. The evolutionarily conserved development of lymphoid cells paired with the genetic tractability of zebrafish make this a powerful model system for this purpose. We used a Tol2-based gene-breaking transposon to induce mutations in the zebrafish (Danio rerio, AB strain) genome, which served the dual purpose of fluorescently tagging cells and tissues that express the disrupted gene and provided a means of identifying the disrupted gene. We identified 12 lines in which hematopoietic tissues expressed green fluorescent protein (GFP) during embryonic development, as detected by microscopy. Subsequent analysis of young adult fish, using a novel approach in which single cell suspensions of whole fish were analyzed by flow cytometry, revealed that 8 of these lines also exhibited GFP expression in young adult cells. An additional 15 lines that did not have embryonic GFP+ hematopoietic tissue by microscopy, nevertheless exhibited GFP+ cells in young adults. RT-PCR analysis of purified GFP+ populations for expression of T and B cell-specific markers identified 18 lines in which T and/or B cells were fluorescently tagged at 6 weeks of age. As transposon insertion is expected to cause gene disruption, these lines can be used to assess the requirement for the disrupted genes in immune cell development. Focusing on the lines with embryonic GFP+ hematopoietic tissue, we identified three lines in which homozygous mutants exhibited impaired T cell development at 6 days of age. In two of the lines we identified the disrupted genes, agtpbp1 and eps15L1. Morpholino-mediated knockdown of these genes mimicked the T cell defects in the corresponding mutant embryos, demonstrating the previously unrecognized, essential roles of agtpbp1 and eps15L1 in T cell development.
Seiler, Christoph Gebhart, Nichole Zhang, Yong Shinton, Susan A Li, Yue-Sheng Ross, Nicola L Liu, Xingjun Li, Qin Bilbee, Alison N Varshney, Gaurav K LaFave, Matthew C Burgess, Shawn M Balciuniene, Jorune Balciunas, Darius Hardy, Richard R Kappes, Dietmar J Wiest, David L Rhodes, Jennifer United States PLoS One. 2015 Jul 10;10(7):e0131908. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131908. eCollection 2015.