FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
Dotan E , Devarajan K , D'Silva AJ , Beck A , Kloth DD , Cohen SJ , Denlinger C
Patterns of use and tolerance of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies in older adults with metastatic colorectal cancer
Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2014 Sep;13(3) :192-8
PMID: 25074246   
Back to previous list
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding the tolerance of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies among elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We retrospectively reviewed our experience of treating elderly patients with mCRC with these agents between 2004 and 2011. METHODS: Patients with mCRC >/= 65 years treated with anti-EGFR agents were included in this analysis. We recorded demographic and disease characteristics, treatment regimen and duration, KRAS status, and overall survival (OS). Toxicity evaluation included common hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities seen with these agents. RESULTS: One hundred seventeen patients were included, with a median age at treatment initiation of 73 years (range, 65-86 years), 59% of male sex, 82% with colon primary tumors, and 51% with metastatic disease at presentation. Median time on anti-EGFR treatment was 2.4 months. Older age at treatment initiation was associated with use of anti-EGFR antibody as monotherapy versus combination therapy (P = .0009). Worse performance status (PS) at treatment initiation was associated with a shorter overall survival (OS) (P = .013) and shorter treatment duration (P = .01). The incidence of hematologic/nonhematologic grade >/= 3 was 36% and 15%, respectively. No association was found between age and presence of grade >/= 3 toxicity. Longer treatment duration and better PS at treatment initiation were the only factors associated with higher incidence of grade 3 toxicity. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that anti-EGFR antibodies can be used in older patients with mCRC, with toxicity profiles similar to those reported in large phase III studies of younger patients. Advanced age was associated with receipt of anti-EGFR agents as monotherapy but did not impact treatment outcomes in this population.
Notes
1938-0674 Dotan, Efrat Devarajan, Karthik D'Silva, A James Beck, Andrew Kloth, Dwight D Cohen, Steven J Denlinger, Crystal 3 P30 CA006927-47S4/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30CA43703/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural United States Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2014 Sep;13(3):192-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clcc.2014.05.003. Epub 2014 Jun 26.