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Singla S , Papavasiliou P , Powers B , Gaughan J , von Mehren M , Watson JC , Farma JM
Challenges in the treatment of angiosarcoma: a single institution experience
Am J Surg. 2014 Aug;208(2) :254-9
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are rare tumors that carry poor prognosis. Because of insidious growth rate, the diagnosis is often difficult and delayed. METHODS: Between 1990 and 2011, 72 (41 female, 31 male) patients were treated at our institution. Pathologic confirmation was obtained and multiple prognostic factors were evaluated for survival. RESULTS: Forty-four cases were sporadic and 28 cases were secondary. In the sporadic group, 16 (36%) patients had increased sun exposure, while in the secondary group, the majority (n = 23, 82%) of patients had prior exposure to radiation. The latent period between radiation exposure and diagnosis was predictive of survival (P = .037). Presentation was delayed by more than 3 months in 41% of patients. The majority of men developed head and neck angiosarcomas (n = 15, 48.5%), while women developed breast angiosarcomas (n = 21, 51%). Median survival was prolonged in patients treated initially with surgery. CONCLUSIONS: A delay in the diagnosis of angiosarcoma can affect survival. Clinical suspicion and prompt diagnosis are essential for successful multimodal therapy. Initial surgical resection with adjuvant chemotherapy provides survival advantage.
Notes
1879-1883 Singla, Smit Papavasiliou, Pavlos Powers, Benjamin Gaughan, John von Mehren, Margaret Watson, James C Farma, Jeffrey M Journal Article United States Am J Surg. 2014 Aug;208(2):254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.01.007. Epub 2014 Apr 15.