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Tait LM , Meyer JE , McSpadden E , Cheng JD , Baciewicz FA , Meropol NJ , Cohen SJ , Wozniak AJ , Choi M , Konski AA
Women at increased risk for cardiac toxicity following chemoradiation therapy for esophageal carcinoma
Pract Radiat Oncol. 2013 Oct-Dec;3(4) :e149-55
PMID: 24674412   
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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with cardiac toxicity in patients treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for esophageal carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred twenty-seven patients with adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus treated from July 2002 to June 2011 at 2 academic institutions with preoperative or definitive CRT were retrospectively reviewed. Association of cardiac toxicity with a number of variables was investigated, including heart disease, cardiac bypass and angioplasty, diabetes, insulin use, smoking, chemotherapy regimen, and tumor location. T test assessed risk of cardiac toxicity secondary to age. Dose volume histograms (DVH) were evaluated for percentage of heart volume receiving >20, 30, 40, and 50 Gy (V20-V50). The Fisher exact test analyzed for an association between dose volume parameters and cardiac toxicity. RESULTS: Patient population included 100 men and 27 women with a mean age of 64 years. Median follow-up was 12.7 months (range, 0.3-99.6 months). Any cardiac toxicity occurred in 28 patients, the majority of which were pericardial effusion (23/28). Odds ratio for toxicity in women was 4.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.63-10.50; P = .0017) and time to cardiac toxicity by sex was significant (P = .0003). Patients above the median cutoff for V20, V30, and V40 had increased odds of developing cardiac toxicity (P = .03, .008, .002). There was 4.0 increased odds of developing cardiac toxicity with V40 >57% (95% CI, 1.5-10.3, P = .002). On multivariable logistic regression analysis, sex was the only variable associated with any cardiac toxicity and pericardial effusion (P = .0016, P = .0038). None of the other investigated variables were associated with increased risk of cardiac toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Female patients and dose greater than the median for V20-V40 were associated with the development of cardiac toxicity, specifically pericardial effusion. These data suggest exercising increased care when designing radiation fields in women undergoing CRT for esophageal carcinoma, as pericardial effusion may be a long-term complication.
Tait, Lauren M Meyer, Joshua E McSpadden, Erin Cheng, Jonathan D Baciewicz, Frank A Meropol, Neal J Cohen, Steven J Wozniak, Antoinette J Choi, Minsig Konski, Andre A United States Pract Radiat Oncol. 2013 Oct-Dec;3(4):e149-55. doi: 10.1016/j.prro.2013.02.001. Epub 2013 Mar 13.