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Fang CY , Egleston BL , Manzur AM , Townsend RR , Stanczyk FZ , Spiegel D , Dorgan JF
Psychological reactivity to laboratory stress is associated with hormonal responses in postmenopausal women
J Int Med Res. 2014 Apr;42(2) :444-56
PMID: 24595153    PMCID: PMC 4046251   
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined associations between psychological reactivity and hormonal responses to a standardized laboratory stressor (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years undertook anxiety and mood assessments prior to and following the TSST. Blood samples were drawn at multiple timepoints for assessment of cortisol, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). RESULTS: Forty postmenopausal women completed the assessments. As expected, significant increases in anxiety and negative affect and decreases in positive affect were observed after the TSST; however, the magnitude of change in anxiety and mood varied considerably across individuals. Analyses indicated that greater increases in anxiety and negative affect after the TSST were associated with higher levels of cortisol, ACTH and DHEA after controlling for race, age, body mass index and smoking status. Changes in positive affect were not associated with cortisol, ACTH or DHEA. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that enhanced reactivity to stress is associated with higher hormone levels among postmenopausal women, which could have potential implications for health.
Notes
Fang, Carolyn Y Egleston, Brian L Manzur, Angelica M Townsend, Raymond R Stanczyk, Frank Z Spiegel, David Dorgan, Joanne F England J Int Med Res. 2014 Apr;42(2):444-56. doi: 10.1177/0300060513504696. Epub 2014 Mar 4.