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Virus entry mediated by hepatitis B virus envelope proteins
World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Oct 28;19(40) :6730-6734
PMID: 24187448 PMCID: PMC3812472
AbstractHepatitis B virus (HBV), a major cause of human liver disease worldwide, encodes three envelope proteins needed for the attachment and entry of the virus into susceptible host cells. A second virus, hepatitis delta virus, which is known to enhance liver disease in HBV infected patients, diverts the same HBV envelope proteins to achieve its own assembly and infection. In the lab, lentiviral vectors based on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 can be assembled using the HBV envelope proteins, and will similarly infect susceptible cells. This article provides a partial review and some personal reflections of how these three viruses infect and of how recipient cells become susceptible, along with some consideration of questions that remain to be answered.
NotesTaylor, John M REVIEW World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Oct 28;19(40):6730-6734.