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Plimack ER , Lorusso PM , McCoon P , Tang W , Krebs AD , Curt G , Eckhardt SG
AZD1480: A Phase I Study of a Novel JAK2 Inhibitor in Solid Tumors
Oncologist. 2013 ;18(7) :819-20
AbstractAZD1480 is a novel agent that inhibits Janus-associated kinases 1 and 2 (JAK1 and JAK2). The primary objective of this phase I study was to investigate the safety and tolerability of AZD1480 when administered as monotherapy to patients with solid tumors. Methods. Thirty-eight patients with advanced malignancies were treated at doses of 10-70 mg once daily (QD) and 20-45 mg b.i.d. . Results. Pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis revealed rapid absorption and elimination with minimal accumulation after repeated QD or b.i.d. dosing. Exposure increased in a dose-dependent manner from 10-50 mg. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) was attained approximately 1 hour after dose, and t1/2 was approximately 5 hours. Pharmacodynamic analysis of circulating granulocytes demonstrated maximum phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) inhibition 1-2 hours after dose, coincident with Cmax, and greater pSTAT3 inhibition at higher doses. The average pSTAT3 inhibition in granulocytes at the highest dose tested, 70 mg QD, was 56% (standard deviation: +/-21%) at steady-state drug levels. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) consisted of pleiotropic neurologic adverse events (AEs), including dizziness, anxiety, ataxia, memory loss, hallucinations, and behavior changes. These AEs were generally reversible with dose reduction or treatment cessation. Conclusions. Whether the DLTs were due to inhibition of JAK-1/2 or to off-target effects is unknown. The unusual DLTs and the lack of clinical activity led to discontinuation of development.
NotesPlimack, Elizabeth R Lorusso, Patricia M McCoon, Patricia Tang, Weifeng Krebs, Annetta D Curt, Gregory Eckhardt, S Gail United States The oncologist Oncologist. 2013;18(7):819-20. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2013-0198. Epub 2013 Jul 11.