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Forastiere AA , Zhang Q , Weber RS , Maor MH , Goepfert H , Pajak TF , Morrison W , Glisson B , Trotti A , Ridge JA , Thorstad W , Wagner H , Ensley JF , Cooper JS
Long-Term Results of RTOG 91-11: A Comparison of Three Nonsurgical Treatment Strategies to Preserve the Larynx in Patients With Locally Advanced Larynx Cancer
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2013 Mar;31(7) :845-852
PMID: WOS:000315447200012    PMCID: PMC 3577950   
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Abstract
Purpose To report the long-term results of the Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 91-11 study evaluating the contribution of chemotherapy added to radiation therapy (RT) for larynx preservation. Patients and Methods Patients with stage III or IV glottic or supraglottic squamous cell cancer were randomly assigned to induction cisplatin/fluorouracil (PF) followed by RT (control arm), concomitant cisplatin/RT, or RT alone. The composite end point of laryngectomy-free survival (LFS) was the primary end point. Results Five hundred twenty patients were analyzed. Median follow-up for surviving patients is 10.8 years. Both chemotherapy regimens significantly improved LFS compared with RT alone (induction chemotherapy v RT alone: hazard ratio [HR], 0.75; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.95; P = .02; concomitant chemotherapy v RT alone: HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.98; P = .03). Overall survival did not differ significantly, although there was a possibility of worse outcome with concomitant relative to induction chemotherapy (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.98 to 1.61; P = .08). Concomitant cisplatin/RT significantly improved the larynx preservation rate over induction PF followed by RT (HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37 to 0.89; P = .0050) and over RT alone (P = .001), whereas induction PF followed by RT was not better than treatment with RT alone (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.82; P = .35). No difference in late effects was detected, but deaths not attributed to larynx cancer or treatment were higher with concomitant chemotherapy (30.8% v 20.8% with induction chemotherapy and 16.9% with RT alone). Conclusion These 10-year results show that induction PF followed by RT and concomitant cisplatin/RT show similar efficacy for the composite end point of LFS. Locoregional control and larynx preservation were significantly improved with concomitant cisplatin/RT compared with the induction arm or RT alone. New strategies that improve organ preservation and function with less morbidity are needed. J Clin Oncol 31:845-852. (C) 2012 by American Society of Clinical Oncology
Notes
Times Cited: 2 Forastiere, Arlene A. Zhang, Qiang Weber, Randal S. Maor, Moshe H. Goepfert, Helmuth Pajak, Thomas F. Morrison, William Glisson, Bonnie Trotti, Andy Ridge, John A. Thorstad, Wade Wagner, Henry Ensley, John F. Cooper, Jay S.