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Fu J , Bassi DE , Zhang J , Li T , Cai KQ , Testa CL , Nicolas E , Klein-Szanto AJ
Enhanced UV-Induced Skin Carcinogenesis in Transgenic Mice Overexpressing Proprotein Convertases
Neoplasia. 2013 Feb;15(2) :169-79
PMID: 23441131    PMCID: PMC3579319   
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The proprotein convertases (PCs) furin and PACE4 process numerous substrates involved in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. We have previously shown that PCs increase the susceptibility to chemical skin carcinogenesis. Because of the human relevancy of UV radiation in the etiopathogenesis of human skin cancer, we investigated whether or not transgenic mice overexpressing either furin alone or both furin and PACE4 show increased susceptibility to UV carcinogenesis. After backcrossing our previously described furin and PACE4 transgenic lines, targeted to the epidermis, into a SKH-1 background, we exposed both single and double transgenic mice to UV radiation for 34 weeks. The results showed an increase in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) multiplicity of approximately 70% in the single furin transgenic mouse line SF47 (P < .002) and a 30% increase in the other single transgenic line SF49 when compared to wild-type (WT) SKH-1 mice. Interestingly, there was also an increase in the percentage of high histologic grade SCCs in the transgenic lines compared to the WT mice, i.e., WT = 9%, SF47 = 15%, and SF49 = 26% (P < .02). Targeting both furin and PACE4 to the epidermis in double transgenic mice did not have an additive effect on tumor incidence/multiplicity but did enhance the tumor histopathologic grade, i.e., a significant increase in higher grade SCCs was seen in the bigenic mouse line SPF47 (P < .02). Thus, we observed an increased susceptibility to UV in single furin transgenic mice that was not substantially enhanced in the double furin/PACE4 transgenic mice.
Fu, Jian Bassi, Daniel E Zhang, Jirong Li, Tianyu Cai, Kathy Q Testa, Courtney Lyons Nicolas, Emmanuelle Klein-Szanto, Andres J Canada Neoplasia. 2013 Feb;15(2):169-79.