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Cole M , Bromberg M
Tissue factor as a novel target for treatment of breast cancer
Oncologist. 2013 ;18(1) :14-8
PMID: 23287882    PMCID: PMC 3556248   
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Tissue factor (TF), a 47-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that initiates blood coagulation when complexed with factor VIIa (FVIIa), is expressed in several tumor types. TF has been shown to play a role in cell signaling, inflammation, angiogenesis, as well as tumor growth and metastasis. Activation of the TF signaling pathway has been implicated in mediating the function of many tumor cell types and has led to TF as a potential target in the treatment of several malignancies. Formation of the TF-FVIIa complex in breast cancer cells has been shown to exert an antiapoptotic effect and play a key role in tumor growth and metastasis. Breast cancer growth is suppressed by inhibition of TF-mediated PAR2 signaling, and deficiency in PAR2 delays spontaneous breast cancer development in mice. TF is expressed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), an aggressive type of breast cancer in which there is currently a paucity of available targets. Various methods of targeting TF have been investigated and include immunoconjugates or icons, anti-TF antibodies, TF pathway inhibitors, targeted photodynamic therapy, and microRNAs. These investigations may give way to promising clinical therapies for breast cancer, especially in TNBC, for which there are relatively few effective treatment options.
Cole, Marion Bromberg, Michael United States The oncologist Oncologist. 2013;18(1):14-8. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2012-0322. Epub 2013 Jan 3.