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Reyes JM , Smaldone MC , Uzzo RG , Viterbo R
Current status of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy
Curr Urol Rep. 2012 Feb;13(1) :24-37
PMID: 22113862   
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Abstract
The incidence of incidentally diagnosed small renal masses is rising. Although open partial nephrectomy (OPN) remains the reference standard for clinically localized renal lesions, growing experience with minimally invasive PN has demonstrated equivalent oncologic efficacy and improved short-term perioperative outcomes compared to open techniques. Compared to the technically demanding laparoscopic PN (LPN), robotic PN (RPN) overcomes a number of the technical hurdles of LPN with a shorter learning curve, and now has emerged as an attractive minimally invasive treatment option for amenable tumors. Although experience with RPN has been limited to date, early series have demonstrated short-term oncologic outcomes comparable to OPN and equivalent perioperative outcomes to LPN (all </= level III evidence). Although prospective evidence would be ideal, clinical trial comparisons with LPN and OPN will be fraught with accrual challenges and are not expected in the near future. This review summarizes the advantages and indications for a robotic approach, operative principles and emerging technologies, early functional and oncologic outcomes, and expected future advances of RPN for localized renal tumors.
Notes
Reyes, Jose M Smaldone, Marc C Uzzo, Robert G Viterbo, Rosalia Review United States Current urology reports Curr Urol Rep. 2012 Feb;13(1):24-37. doi: 10.1007/s11934-011-0223-z.