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Ma GX , Yin LH , Gao WZ , Tan Y , Liu R , Fang C , Ma XS
Workplace-Based Breast Cancer Screening Intervention in China
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. 2012 Feb;21(2) :358-367
AbstractBackground: Breast cancer continues to be the primary cause of death among East and Southeast Asian women. Although China, the most populous country in the world, is experiencing unprecedented economic growth, its health care system has yet to benefit from the current economic prosperity. Indeed, studies have shown a consistent increase in breast cancer rates among Chinese women over the past two decades in the absence of breast cancer screening guidelines. Methods: The primary objective of this study was to examine the impact of a workplace intervention on increasing breast cancer screening rates. The study was implemented at eight worksites in Nanjing, four of which were assigned to the intervention group (n = 232) and four to the control group (n = 221). The intervention group received breast cancer education and screening navigation. The control group was provided with general cancer education and received a delayed intervention after completion of the study. Study measures were completed at pre- and postprogram and at 6-month follow-up to assess uptake of mammography. Results: Baseline mammography use was low among both intervention and control groups. However, exposure to the workplace intervention dramatically increased the uptake of mammography from 10.3% at baseline to 72.6% at 6-month follow-up in the intervention group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Findings provide preliminary evidence that the implementation of a comprehensive workplace breast cancer screening intervention program in China can lead to increased uptake of mammography. These data may help facilitate the development of theory-based workplace cancer prevention programs and screening guidelines in China. Impact: A workplace-based multifaceted intervention could have a strong impact in breast cancer prevention and early detection among women in China. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 21(2); 358-67. (C)2011 AACR.
NotesMa, Grace X. Yin, Lihong Gao, Wanzhen Tan, Yin Liu, Ran Fang, Carolyn Ma, Xiang S. Temple University This research was supported by Temple University Faculty Grant (PI: G.X. Ma). 70 Amer assoc cancer research Philadelphia 889kt Rza ma, 2005, canc control s2, v12, p34 O dl, 2006, zhonghua liu xing bi, v27, p985 O dl, 2005, zhonghua zhong liu z, v27, p350