FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
Heckman CJ , Egleston BL , Hofmann MT
Efficacy of motivational interviewing for smoking cessation a systematic review and meta-analysis
Tobacco Control. 2010 Oct;19(5) :410-416
PMID: ISI:000285071000019    PMCID: PMC2947553   
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Objective A systematic review and meta analysis to investigate the efficacy of interventions incorporating motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and identify correlates of treatment effects Data sources Medline/PubMed PsycInfo and other sources including grey literature Study selection Title/abstract search terms were motivational interview* OR motivational enhancement AND smok* cigarette* tobacco OR nicotine Randomised trials reporting number of smokers abstinent at follow up were eligible Data extraction Data were independently coded by the first and third authors We coded for a variety of study participant and intervention related variables Data synthesis A random effects logistic regression with both a random intercept and a random slope for the treatment effect Results 31 smoking cessation research trials were selected for the study eight comprised adolescent samples eight comprised adults with chronic physical or mental illness five comprised pregnant/postpartum women and 10 comprised other adult samples Analysis of the trials (9485 individual participants) showed an overall OR comparing likelihood of abstinence in the motivational interviewing (MI) versus control condition of OR 1 45 (95% CI 114 to 1 83) Additional potential correlates of treatment effects such as study sample and intervention characteristics were examined Conclusions This is the most comprehensive review of MI for smoking cessation conducted to date These findings suggest that current MI smoking cessation approaches can be effective for adolescents and adults However comparative efficacy trials could be useful
Heckman, Carolyn J. Egleston, Brian L. Hofmann, Makary T. National Institutes of Health [CA108685, CA006927] This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [CA108685 to CH CA006927 to Fox Chase Cancer Center] 68 B m j publishing group; british med assoc house, tavistock square, london wc1h 9jr, england 691hn