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Tan Y , You H , Coffey FJ , Wiest DL , Testa JR
Appl1 is Dispensable for Akt Signaling In Vivo and Mouse T-Cell Development
Genesis. 2010 Sep;48(9) :531-539
PMCID: PMC2944914   
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Appl1 (Adaptor protein containing pleckstrin homology [PH], phosphotyrosine binding [PTB], and Leucine zipper motifs) is an adaptor that participates in cell signaling by interacting with various signaling molecules including Akt, PI3-kinase (PI3K), Rab5, adiponectin receptor, and TrkA. By using RNA knockdown technology, Appl1 has been implicated in zebrafish development and murine glucose metabolism. To investigate the unambiguous role of Appl1 in vivo, we generated a knockout mouse in which exon1 of the Appl1 gene was disrupted using gene trap methodology. Homozygous Appll knockout mice with ubiquitous loss of Appl1 protein expression were viable, grossly normal, and born at expected Mendelian ratios. Moreover, activation of Akt and the downstream effecter Gsk3 beta was unaffected in vivo. We next performed glucose and insulin tolerance tests and found that glucose metabolism is normal in Appl1-null mice. We also tested the effect of Appl1 loss on Akt signaling in T cells, because we discovered that Appl1 strongly interacts with the 01013 subunit of PI3K in T lymphocytes. However, such interaction was found to be dispensable for Akt signaling in thymic T cells and T-cell development. Moreover, Appl1 loss did not affect DNA synthesis in cultured thymocytes, although loss of Appl1 was associated with a slight increase in ConA-stimulated splenic T-cell viability/proliferation. Collectively, our findings indicate that Appl1 is dispensable for Akt signaling in vivo and T-cell differentiation. genesis 48:531-539, 2010. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Tan, Yinfei You, Huihong Coffey, Francis J. Wiest, David L. Testa, Joseph R. Wiley-liss Hoboken 659aq