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Kovalevsky AY , Hanson L , Fisher SZ , Mustyakimov M , Mason SA , Forsyth VT , Blakeley MP , Keen DA , Wagner T , Carrell HL , Katz AK , Glusker JP , Langan P
Metal ion roles and the movement of hydrogen during reaction catalyzed by D-xylose isomerase: a joint x-ray and neutron diffraction study
Structure. 2010 Jun 9;18(6) :688-99
PMID: 20541506    PMCID: PMC2887347   
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Conversion of aldo to keto sugars by the metalloenzyme D-xylose isomerase (XI) is a multistep reaction that involves hydrogen transfer. We have determined the structure of this enzyme by neutron diffraction in order to locate H atoms (or their isotope D). Two studies are presented, one of XI containing cadmium and cyclic D-glucose (before sugar ring opening has occurred), and the other containing nickel and linear D-glucose (after ring opening has occurred but before isomerization). Previously we reported the neutron structures of ligand-free enzyme and enzyme with bound product. The data show that His54 is doubly protonated on the ring N in all four structures. Lys289 is neutral before ring opening and gains a proton after this; the catalytic metal-bound water is deprotonated to hydroxyl during isomerization and O5 is deprotonated. These results lead to new suggestions as to how changes might take place over the course of the reaction.
Kovalevsky, Andrey Y Hanson, Leif Fisher, S Zoe Mustyakimov, Marat Mason, Sax A Forsyth, V Trevor Blakeley, Matthew P Keen, David A Wagner, Trixie Carrell, H L Katz, Amy K Glusker, Jenny P Langan, Paul 1R01GM071939-01/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States CA06927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States CA10925/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. United States Structure (London, England : 1993) Structure. 2010 Jun 9;18(6):688-99.