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Davis DL , Doten IC , Barald KF , Axelrod D , Burch JBE
Random sequence phosphorothioate oligonucleotides evoke dramatic phenotypic alterations in cardiac myocyte cultures
Antisense & Nucleic Acid Drug Development. 1996 Win;6(4) :259-265
PMID: ISI:A1996WC49500003   
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Cardiac myocytes displayed modest and uncoordinated contractile activity regardless of whether they were cultured in the presence or absence of unmodified random sequence oligonucleotides (oligos), as expected, Much to our surprise, however, when cardiac myocytes were cultured in the presence of random sequence phosphorothioate (PS) oligos, they reorganized into cablelike aggregates and displayed surging and coordinated contractile activity, Consistent with these observations, photobleaching experiments revealed that gap junction conductivity between affected cardiac myocytes was enhanced fourfold relative to control cultures, Furthermore, whereas atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) gene expression was induced in control cultures relative to intact hearts, this aberrant expression was selectively repressed in response to PS oligos. As PS oligos appear to mitigate deleterious effects that result from the proteolytic dispersal or culturing of cardiac myocytes or both, we suggest that these may be useful cell culture reagents, It is interesting to contemplate whether cardiac myocytes might also be responsive to PS oligos within intact hearts, as this issue has potential clinical significance.
Times Cited: 1 English Article WC495 ANTISENSE NUCLEIC ACID DRUG D