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Demetri GD , Wang YF , Wehrle E , Racine A , Nikolova Z , Blanke CD , Joensuu H , von Mehren M
Imatinib Plasma Levels Are Correlated With Clinical Benefit in Patients With Unresectable/Metastatic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2009 Jul;27(19) :3141-3147
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Abstract
Purpose To study the pharmacokinetics (PK) of imatinib (IM) in patients with advanced GI stromal tumors (GISTs) treated in a randomized phase II study and to explore the potential relationship between IM plasma levels and long-term clinical outcomes. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned to receive IM at 400 mg versus 600 mg daily. IM plasma levels were analyzed in a subset of patients (n = 73) for whom PK data on day 1 and at steady-state (SS, day 29) were available. IM PK was evaluated using a population PK approach. The relationship between IM plasma exposure and clinical outcome was explored by grouping patients into quartiles according to IM trough concentration (C-min). The clinical outcome parameters evaluated include overall objective benefit rate (OOBR; complete response plus partial response plus stable disease) time to progression (TTP), and KIT genotyping. Results IM PK exposure showed a high inter-patient variability, and clinical outcomes were correlated with IM trough levels at SS. The median TTP was 11.3 months for patients in the lowest C-min quartile (Q1, < 1,110 ng/mL) compared with more than 30 months for Q2 to Q4 (P = .0029). OOBR was also inferior in Q1 patients. In patients with GIST with KIT exon 11 mutations (n = 39), the OOBR was 67% for Q1 patients versus 100% for all others (P = .001). Conclusion In patients with advanced GIST, IM trough levels at SS were associated with clinical benefit. Patients with IM C-min below 1,100 ng/mL showed a shorter TTP and lower rate of clinical benefit (OOBR). Further studies are justified to test whether monitoring IM plasma levels might optimize clinical outcomes for patients with GIST.
Notes
Demetri, George D. Wang, Yanfeng Wehrle, Elisabeth Racine, Amy Nikolova, Zariana Blanke, Charles D. Joensuu, Heikki von Mehren, Margaret AMER SOC CLINICAL ONCOLOGY 463TD