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Min H , Cohen B , Halper M , Oren M , Perl Y
Detecting Role Errors in the Gene Hierarchy of the NCI Thesaurus*
Cancer Inform. 2008 ;6 :293-313
PMID: 19221606    PMCID: PMC2623310   
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Abstract
Gene terminologies are playing an increasingly important role in the ever-growing field of genomic research. While errors in large, complex terminologies are inevitable, gene terminologies are even more susceptible to them due to the rapid growth of genomic knowledge and the nature of its discovery. It is therefore very important to establish quality-assurance protocols for such genomic-knowledge repositories. Different kinds of terminologies oftentimes require auditing methodologies adapted to their particular structures. In light of this, an auditing methodology tailored to the characteristics of the NCI Thesaurus's (NCIT's) Gene hierarchy is presented. The Gene hierarchy is of particular interest to the NCIT's designers due to the primary role of genomics in current cancer research. This multi-phase methodology focuses on detecting role-errors, such as missing roles or roles with incorrect or incomplete target structures, occurring within that hierarchy. The methodology is based on two kinds of abstraction networks, called taxonomies, that highlight the role distribution among concepts within the IS-A (subsumption) hierarchy. These abstract views tend to highlight portions of the hierarchy having a higher concentration of errors. The errors found during an application of the methodology are reported. Hypotheses pertaining to the efficacy of our methodology are investigated.
Notes
Min, Hua Cohen, Barry Halper, Michael Oren, Marc Perl, Yehoshua New Zealand Cancer informatics Cancer Inform. 2008;6:293-313.