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Eves EM , Xiong W , Bellacosa A , Kennedy SG , Tsichlis PN , Rosner MR , Hay N
Akt, a target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, inhibits apoptosis in a differentiating neuronal cell line
Molecular and Cellular Biology. 1998 Apr;18(4) :2143-2152
PMID: ISI:000072613700039   
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Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase has been suggested to mediate cell survival, Consistent with this possibility, apoptosis of conditionally (simian virus 40 T-ts) immortalized rat hippocampal H19-7 neuronal cells was increased in response to wortmannin, an inhibitor of PI 3-kinase, Downstream effectors of PI 3-kinase include Rac1, protein kinase C, and the serine-threonine kinase Akt (protein kinase IJ). Here, we show that activation of Akt is one mechanism by which PI 3-kinase can mediate survival of H19-7 cells during serum deprivation or differentiation, While ectopic expression of mild-type Akt (c-Akt) does not significantly enhance survival in H19-7 cells, expression of activated forms of Akt (v-Akt or myristoylated Akt) results in enhanced survival which can be comparable to that conferred by Bcl-2. Conversely, expression of a dominant-negative mutant of Akt accelerates cell death upon serum deprivation or differentiation, Finally, the results indicate that Akt can transduce a survival signal for differentiating neuronal cells through a mechanism that is independent of induction of Bcl-2 or Bcl-x(L) or inhibition of Jun kinase activity.
ISI Document Delivery No.: ZC751 Times Cited: 150 Cited Reference Count: 72 AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY