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Zhang BL , Chernoff J , Zheng Y
Interaction of Rac1 with GTPase-activating proteins and putative effecters - A comparison with Cdc42 and RhoA
Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1998 Apr 10;273(15) :8776-8782
PMID: ISI:000072990800032   
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Abstract
The intrinsic GTPase activity of the Rho family GTP-binding protein Rad is drastically stimulated upon interaction with its GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) and is significantly inhibited when coupled to certain effector targets such as the pal-activated kinases (PAKs) and IQGAPs, Here we have characterized the interaction of Rad with a panel of mammalian GAPs and putative effecters by measuring the kinetic and binding parameters involved and made comparisons with similar interactions for Cdc42 and RhoA. In contrast with Cdc42 (for which the GAP domain of p50RhoGAP is 50-fold more efficient than those of p190, Bcr, and 3BP-1) and with RhoA (toward which only p50RhoGAP and p190 displayed high efficiencies), the catalytic efficiencies (K-cat/K-m) of the GAP domains of p50RhoGAP, p190, Bcr, and 3BP-1 on Rad are found to be comparable in a range between 0.9 and 2.6 min(-1) mu M-1. However, similar to the cases of Cdc42 and RhoA, the K-m values of the GAP domains on Rad compare web to the binding affinity to the guanylyl imidodiphosphate-bound Rad, which ranges from 10.5 to 40.5 mu M suggesting a rapid equilibrium reaction mechanism. The dissociation constants of the pal-binding domains of PAK1, PAK2, and the RasGAP-related domain of IQGAP1, which all cause significant reduction of the intrinsic rate of GTP hydrolysis upon binding to Rac1-GTP, are found to be 0.71, 0.26, and 2.13 mu M for Rac1-GTP, compared with that determined for Cdc42-GTP at 2.9, 20.5, and 0.39 mu M, respectively, under similar conditions, These results suggest that p50RhoGAP, p190, Bcr, and 3BP-1 are all capable of acting as a negative regulator for Rad-mediated signaling, and that, although PAK1 and IQGAP1 can couple tightly with both Rad and Cdc42, PAK2 is likely to be a specific effector for Rad instead of Cdc42.
Notes
Times Cited: 14 English Article ZG331 J BIOL CHEM