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Zeng XX , Zhang HG , Hardy RR , Wasserman R
The fetal origin of B-precursor leukemia in the E mu-ret mouse
Blood. 1998 Nov 15;92(10) :3529-3536
AbstractBefore the clinical onset of B-precursor lymphoblastic leukemia, E mu-ret mice have an expansion of late pro-B cells (CD45R(+)CD43(+)CD2(4)+BP-1(+)) within the bone marrow. To characterize the early effects of the transgene product on lymphopoiesis, we initially sequenced the Ig heavy chain (IgH) rearrangements within the late pro-B cells in 24-day-old Ey-ret and transgene negative mice. In both mouse populations, the IgH rearrangements were polyclonal, predominately nonproductive, and exhibited similar V, D, and J gene usage. However, the frequency of N regions, a marker of postnatal lymphopoiesis, was notably different. At the VD junction, hi regions were found in 25 of 25 (100.0%) rearrangements from transgene- negative mice compared with 12 of 36 (33.3%) rearrangements from E mu-ret mice. At the DJ junction, hi regions were found in 21 of 25 (84.0%) rearrangements from transgene negative mice compared with 4 of 36 (11.1%) rearrangements from Ep-ret mice. Subsequently, we sequenced the clonal IgH rearrangements from 9 leukemias that developed in 10-to 18-week-old mice and found that 7 leukemias had a least 1 rearrangement that lacked hi regions at the DJ junction. In addition, V replacement events were observed in the 1 leukemia studied in detail. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, the enzyme responsible for hi region addition, was expressed at markedly lower levels in late pro-B cells from 7- to 19-day-old E mu-ret mice compared with transgene-negative mice. Examination of fetal lymphopoiesis in E mu-ret mice identified a relative increase in early (CD45R(+)CD43(+)CD24(+)BP-1(-)) and late pro-B cells and a decrease in more differentiated CD43(-) B-lineage cells. Fetal early pro-B cells from E mu-ret mice proliferated threefold to fivefold greater but differentiated to a lesser extent than those from transgene negative mice when cultured in vitro with interleukin-7. These data suggest that the B precursor leukemias in adult Ey-ret mice arise from the progeny of pro-B cells generated in utero. (C) 1998 by The American Society of Hematology.
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