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Daniel R , Litwin S , Katz RA , Skalka AM
Computational analysis of retrovirus-induced scid cell death
J Virol. 2001 Apr;75(7) :3121-8
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It was shown recently that retroviral infection induces integrase-dependent apoptosis (programmed cell death) in DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK)-deficient scid pre-B cell lines, and it has been proposed that retroviral DNA integration is perceived as DNA damage that is repairable by the DNA-PK-dependent nonhomologous end-joining pathway (R. Daniel, R. A. Katz, and A. M. Skalka, Science 284:644-647, 1999). Very few infectious virions seem to be necessary to induce scid cell death. In this study, we used a modeling approach to estimate the number of integration events necessary to induce cell death of DNA-PK-deficient scid cells. Several models for integration-mediated cell killing were considered. Our analyses indicate that a single hit (integration event) is sufficient to kill a scid cell. Moreover, the closest fit between the experimental data and our computational simulations was achieved with a model in which the infected scid cell must pass through S phase to trigger apoptosis. This model is consistent with the findings that a single double-strand DNA break is sufficient to kill a cell deficient in DNA repair and illustrates the potential of a modeling approach to address quantitative aspects of virus-cell interactions.
0022-538x Journal Article