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Golovine K , Uzzo RG , Makhov P , Crispen PL , Kunkle D , Kolenko VM
Depletion of intracellular zinc increases expression of tumorigenic cytokines VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 in prostate cancer cells via NF-kappaB-dependent pathway
Prostate. 2008 Sep 15;68(13) :1443-9
PMID: 18615482   
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Zinc accumulation diminishes early in the course of prostate malignancy and continues to decline during progression toward hormone-independent growth. In contrast, constitutive levels of NF-kappaB activity increase during progression of prostate cells toward greater tumorigenic potential. We have reported previously that physiological levels of zinc suppress NF-kappaB activity in prostate cancer cells and reduce expression of pro-angiogenic and pro-metastatic cytokines VEGF, IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-9 associated with negative prognostic features in prostate cancer. METHODS: Intracellular zinc levels were examined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. NF-kappaB activity was examined by TransAm and Luciferase reporter assays, and Western blot analysis of p50 nuclear translocation. VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 levels were assessed by ELISA. RESULTS: Selective zinc deficiency induced by the membrane-permeable zinc chelator N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-ethylenediamine (TPEN) increases activation of NF-kappaB and up-regulates expression of the NF-kappaB controlled pro-angiogenic and pro-metastatic cytokines VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 in androgen-independent PC-3 and DU-145 prostate cancer cells. Pre-incubation with I kappaB alpha dominant mutant adenovirus efficiently blocks expression of these cytokines in zinc deficient cells indicating that the observed effects are NF-kappaB dependent. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that zinc deficiency may contribute to the tumor progression via augmented expression of the NF-kappaB-dependent pro-tumorigenic cytokines.
Notes
Golovine, Konstantin Uzzo, Robert G Makhov, Peter Crispen, Paul L Kunkle, David Kolenko, Vladimir M R01 CA108890/CA/United States NCI Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural United States The Prostate Prostate. 2008 Sep 15;68(13):1443-9.