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Singh MK , Dadke D , Nicolas E , Serebriiskii IG , Apostolou S , Canutescu A , Egleston BL , Golemis EA
A Novel Cas Family Member, HEPL, Regulates FAK and Cell Spreading
Mol Biol Cell. 2008 Apr;19(4) :1627-36
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For over a decade, p130Cas/BCAR1, HEF1/NEDD9/Cas-L, and Efs/Sin have defined the Cas (Crk-associated substrate) scaffolding protein family. Cas proteins mediate integrin-dependent signals at focal adhesions, regulating cell invasion and survival; at least one family member, HEF1, regulates mitosis. We here report a previously undescribed novel branch of the Cas protein family, designated HEPL (for HEF1-Efs-p130Cas-like). The HEPL branch is evolutionarily conserved through jawed vertebrates, and HEPL is found in some species lacking other members of the Cas family. The human HEPL mRNA and protein are selectively expressed in specific primary tissues and cancer cell lines, and HEPL maintains Cas family function in localization to focal adhesions, as well as regulation of FAK activity, focal adhesion integrity, and cell spreading. It has recently been demonstrated that upregulation of HEF1 expression marks and induces metastasis, whereas high endogenous levels of p130Cas are associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer, emphasizing the clinical relevance of Cas proteins. Better understanding of the complete protein family should help inform prediction of cancer incidence and prognosis.
Singh, Mahendra K Dadke, Disha Nicolas, Emmanuelle Serebriiskii, Ilya G Apostolou, Sinoula Canutescu, Adrian Egleston, Brian L Golemis, Erica A United States Molecular biology of the cell Mol Biol Cell. 2008 Apr;19(4):1627-36. Epub 2008 Feb 6.