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Ma GX , Fang CY , Knauer CA , Tan Y , Shive SE
Tobacco dependence, risk perceptions and self-efficacy among Korean American smokers
Addict Behav. 2006 Oct;31(10) :1776-84
PMID: 16457961 URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16457961
AbstractPsychosocial variables related to smoking cessation may differ among ethnic groups. This research focuses on Korean Americans, a group that receives little attention in smoking cessation research, yet has an elevated smoking rate when compared with that of the general US population. This article reports our findings on tobacco dependence, risk perceptions and self-efficacy and examines potential associations between these psychosocial variables and key demographic variables. One hundred Korean American adult smokers enrolled in the study and completed the psychosocial measurement. The majority of the participants (61%) were heavy smokers. The findings indicated that demographic factors were associated with key psychosocial variables that have been demonstrated to play a role in smoking cessation behaviors. In particular, younger age and higher educational level were associated with greater self-efficacy in quitting smoking. No differences in risk perception were observed by any of the demographic indicators assessed. The findings suggest that enhancing self-efficacy among older and less educated smokers may improve the efficacy of smoking cessation efforts that target Korean smokers.
NotesMa, Grace X Fang, Carolyn Y Knauer, Cecily A Tan, Yin Shive, Steven E Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Addictive behaviors Addict Behav. 2006 Oct;31(10):1776-84. Epub 2006 Feb 2.