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Liao S , Matsumoto Y , Yan H
Biochemical reconstitution of abasic DNA lesion replication in Xenopus extracts
Nucleic Acids Res. 2007 ;35(16) :5422-9
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Cellular DNA is under constant attack from numerous exogenous and endogenous agents. The resulting DNA lesions, if not repaired timely, could stall DNA replication, leading to genome instability. To better understand the mechanism of DNA lesion replication at the biochemical level, we have attempted to reconstitute this process in Xenopus egg extracts, the only eukaryotic in vitro system that relies solely on cellular proteins for DNA replication. By using a plasmid DNA that carries a site-specific apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) lesion as template, we have found that DNA replication is stalled one nucleotide before the lesion. The stalling is temporary and the lesion is eventually replicated by both an error-prone mechanism and an error-free mechanism. This is the first biochemical system that recapitulates efficiently and faithfully all major aspects of DNA lesion replication. It has provided the first direct evidence for the existence of an error-free lesion replication mechanism and also demonstrated that the error-prone mechanism is a major contributor to lesion replication.
Liao, Shuren Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Yan, Hong R01 CA063154/CA/United States NCI R01 GM57962-02/GM/United States NIGMS Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural England Nucleic acids research Nucleic Acids Res. 2007;35(16):5422-9. Epub 2007 Aug 15.