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Shoda Y , Mischel W , Miller SM , Diefenbach M , Daly MB , Engstrom PF
Psychological interventions and genetic testing: Facilitating informed decisions about BRCA1/2 cancer susceptibility
Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. 1998 Mar;5(1) :3-17
AbstractGenetic testing for inherited cancer susceptibility based on the recently identified BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, will soon be available on a large scale. However at present, genetic test results do not lead to clearly indicated diagnostic or preventive measures, and the nature of the psychological impact of BRCA1/2 resting is still largely unknown. This uncertainty, combined with preliminary evidence suggesting significant individual differences in reactions to genetic susceptibility feedback, constitutes a unique challenge for any individual contemplating such testing. We outline the nature of this challenge and then propose an intervention strategy designed to help individuals make deeply processed and psychologically well-informed decisions with regard to their genetic susceptibility. The intervention is guided by recent research findings and theory on the cognitive-emotional processing of cancer-risk information. Specifically, the goal is to prepare the individual for genetic testing by (1) cognitively and emotionally activating, or "preliving," the individual's potential reactions to testing feedback; (2) facilitating accurate appraisal of the individual's cognitive-emotional reactions; and (3) Enabling the individual to process these reactions through the use of well-established clinical techniques.
NotesTimes Cited: 6 English Article ZD874 J CLIN PSYCHOL MED SETTINGS