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Crespo NC , Ohkanda J , Yen TJ , Hamilton AD , Sebti SM
The farnesyltransferase inhibitor, FTI-2153, blocks bipolar spindle formation and chromosome alignment and causes prometaphase accumulation during mitosis of human lung cancer cells
J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11;276(19) :16161-7
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Even though farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs), a novel class of therapeutic agents presently in clinical trials, have preclinically outstanding anticancer activity and impressive lack of toxicity, their mechanism of action is not well understood. To enhance our understanding of how FTIs inhibit the growth of tumors, we have investigated their effects on cell cycle progression of two human lung cancer cell lines, A-549 and Calu-1. In this report, we show in synchronized A-549 and Calu-1 cells that FTI-2153 treatment resulted in a large accumulation of cells in the mitosis phase of the cell division cycle, with some cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase. Furthermore, microtubule immunostaining and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole DNA staining demonstrated that the FTI-2153-induced accumulation in mitosis is due to the inability of these cells to progress from prophase to metaphase. FTI-2153 inhibited the ability of A-549 and Calu-1 cells to form bipolar spindles and caused formation of monoasteral spindles. Furthermore, FTI-2153 induced a ring-shaped chromosome morphology and inhibited chromosome alignment. Time-lapse videomicroscopy confirmed this result by showing that FTI-2153-treated cells are unable to align their chromosomes at the metaphase plate. FTI-2153 did not affect the localization to the kinetochores of two farnesylated centromeric proteins, CENP-E and CENP-F. Thus, a mechanism by which FTIs inhibit progression through mitosis and tumor growth is by blocking bipolar spindle formation and chromosome alignment.
21238290 0021-9258 Journal Article