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Breen MS , Breen M , Butts K , Chen LL , Saidel GM , Wilson DL
MRI-guided thermal ablation therapy: Model and parameter estimates to predict cell death from MR thermometry images
Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 2007 Aug;35(8) :1391-1403
AbstractSolid tumors and other pathologies can be treated using laser thermal ablation under interventional magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) guidance. A model was developed to predict cell death from magnetic resonance (MR) thermometry measurements based on the temperature-time history, and validated using in vivo rabbit brain data. To align post-ablation T2-weighted spin-echo MR lesion images to gradient-echo MR images, from which temperature is derived, a registration method was used that aligned fiducials placed near the thermal lesion. The outer boundary of the hyperintense rim in the post-ablation MR lesion image was used as the boundary for cell death, as verified from histology. Model parameters were simultaneously estimated using an iterative optimization algorithm applied to every interesting voxel in 328 images from multiple experiments having various temperature histories. For a necrotic region of 766 voxels across all lesions, the model provided a voxel specificity and sensitivity of 98.1 and 78.5%, respectively. Mislabeled voxels were typically within one voxel from the segmented necrotic boundary with median distances of 0.77 and 0.22 mm for false positives (FP) and false negatives (FN), respectively. As compared to the critical temperature cell death model and the generalized Arrhenius model, our model typically predicted fewer FP and FN. This is good evidence that iMRI temperature maps can be used with our model to predict therapeutic regions in real-time during treatment.