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Abu-Khalaf MM , Juneja V , Chung GG , Digiovanna MP , Sipples R , McGurk M , Zelterman D , Haffty B , Reiss M , Wackers FJ , Lee FA , Burtness BA
Long-term assessment of cardiac function after dose-dense and -intense sequential doxorubicin (A), paclitaxel (T), and cyclophosphamide (C) as adjuvant therapy for high risk breast cancer
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2006 Sept;104(3) :341-9
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OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the incidence of late cardiotoxicity after dose-dense and -intense adjuvant sequential doxorubicin (A), paclitaxel (T), and cyclophosphamide (C) for breast cancer (BC) with >/= 4 involved ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes. METHODS: Patients were enrolled from 1994 to 2001 after definitive BC surgery if >/=4 axillary nodes were involved. Planned treatment was A 90 mg/m(2) q 14 days x 3, T 250 mg/m(2) q 14 days x 3, C 3 g/m(2 )q 14 days x 3 with filgrastim (G) support. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was monitored using equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA) before the initiation of chemotherapy, and after three cycles of each chemotherapeutic agent. At a median follow-up of 7 years, we obtained ERNA scans on 32 patients to evaluate the long-term cardiotoxicity of this regimen. RESULTS: Eighty-five eligible patients enrolled on the treatment protocol. Clinical heart failure developed in one patient. Seven (8%) patients had LVEF < 50% at the end of therapy. No cardiac-related deaths occurred. Thirty-two (46%) of 69 surviving patients have consented to late cardiac imaging. At a median follow-up of 7 years, the median absolute change in LVEF from baseline was -5.5%; [range (-8%) to (+36%)], and from the end of chemotherapy was -2.0%; [range (-25%) to (+16%)]. Four patients (12%) had a LVEF < 50%; two of these four patients had an LVEF of < 50% at the end of chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Late development of asymptomatic decline in cardiac function may occur after dose-dense and -intense adjuvant therapy, but is uncommon.
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