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Thullberg M , Gad A , Beeser A , Chernoff J , Stromblad S
The kinase-inhibitory domain of p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) inhibits cell cycle progression independent of PAK1 kinase activity
Oncogene. 2007 Mar;26(12) :1820-1828
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p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) is a mediator of downstream signaling from the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42. In its inactive state, PAK1 forms a homodimer where two kinases inhibit each other in trans. The kinase inhibitory domain ( KID) of one molecule of PAK1 binds to the kinase domain of its counterpart and keeps it inactive. Therefore, the isolated KID of PAK1 has been widely used to specifically inhibit and study PAK function. Here, we show that the isolated KID induced a cell cycle arrest with accumulation of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle with an inhibition of cyclin D1 and D2 expression. This cell cycle arrest required the intact KID and was also induced by a mutated KID unable to block PAK1 kinase activity. Furthermore, the KID-induced cell cycle arrest could not be rescued by the expression of a constitutively active PAK1-T423E mutant, concluding that this arrest occurs independently of PAK1 kinase activity. Our results suggest that PAK1 through its KID in!
ISI Document Delivery No.: 146SS Thullberg, M. Gad, A. Beeser, A. Chernoff, J. Stromblad, S.