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Cohen SJ , Leichman CG , Yeslow G , Beard M , Proefrock A , Roedig B , Damle B , Letrent SP , DeCillis AP , Meropol NJ
Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of once daily oral administration of s-1 in patients with advanced cancer
Clin Cancer Res. 2002 Jul;8(7) :2116-22
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PURPOSE: To determine the maximum tolerated dose, dose-limiting toxicities(DLTs), and pharmacokinetics of S-1, a combination of tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), and oxonic acid, administered once daily in patients with advanced cancer. Experimental Design: Eighteen patients with refractory malignancies were treated with S-1 administered once daily for 21 consecutive days, followed by a 1-week break. Of 16 evaluable patients, 6 were treated at a dose of 50 mg/m(2)/day, and 10 were treated at 60 mg/m(2)/day. RESULTS: DLTs were observed in 1 of 6 evaluable patients treated with 50 mg/m(2)/day and in 4 of 10 evaluable patients treated with 60 mg/m(2)/day. DLTs included diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, fatigue, and hyperbilirubinemia. The maximum tolerated dose was 50 mg/m(2)/day. Pharmacokinetic data are consistent with potent modulation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by CDHP, with prolonged half-life and 5-FU AUC at least 10-fold higher than reported in previous studies of equitoxic doses of tegafur modulated by uracil. Pharmacodynamic analysis demonstrated a correlation between diarrhea grade and both 5-FU C(max) (r = 0.57, P < 0.05) and 5-FU area under the curve (r = 0.74, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The recommended Phase II dose of S-1 administered once daily for 21 consecutive days of 28 is 50 mg/m(2). The pharmacokinetic data presented provide evidence of 5-FU modulation by CDHP. Pharmacodynamic analyses suggest that the utility of pharmacology-based dosing of S-1 should be explored in future trials. Evaluation of once-daily dosing of S-1 in malignancies for which fluoropyrimidines have known antitumor activity is warranted.
1078-0432 Journal Article